Herpes labialis (Orolabial Herpes/ Cold Sore/ Fever blister) is an infection of the lip by herpes simplex virus (HSV-1). The sores around the mouth typically heal within 2–3 weeks, but the herpes virus remains dormant in the facial nerves, following orofacial infection, periodically reactivating (in symptomatic people) to create sores in the same area of the mouth or face at the site of the original infection. Cold sore has a rate of frequency that varies from rare episodes to 12 or more recurrences per year. Most sufferers experience one to three attacks annually. The frequency and severity of outbreaks generally decreases over time.

Symptoms:

Warning symptoms of itching, burning, increased sensitivity, or tingling sensation may occur about 2 days before lesions appear.
* Skin lesions or rash around the lips, mouth, and gums
* Small blisters (vesicles) filled with clear yellowish fluid
-Blisters on a raised, red, painful skin area
– Blisters that form, break, and ooze
– Yellow crusts that slough to reveal pink, healing skin
– Several smaller blisters that merge to form a larger blister
* Mild fever (may occur)

Etiopathology (Cause):

Herpes labialis is a common disease caused by infection of the mouth area with herpes simplex virus type 1.
The initial infection may cause no symptoms or mouth ulcers. The virus then remains dormant (asleep) in the nerve tissue of the face. In some people, the virus reactivates and produces recurrent cold sores that are usually in the same area, but are not serious.
Herpes virus type 2, which usually causes genital herpes and can infect babies during birth to infected mothers, can also cause herpes labialis.
Herpes viruses are contagious. Spread may occur through intimate and personal contact, or through contact with infected razors, towels, dishes, and other shared articles. Occasionally, oral-to-genital contact may spread oral herpes to the genitals (and vice-versa).
Herpes labialis usually goes away by itself in 1 to 2 weeks. It may come back. Infection may be severe and dangerous if it occurs in or near the eye, or if it happens in immunosuppressed people.
Complications:
  • Recurrence of herpes labialis
  • Spread of herpes to other skin areas
  • Secondary bacterial skin infections
  • Generalized infection — may be life-threatening in immunosuppressed people, including those with atopic dermatitis, cancer, or HIV infections
  • Blindness

Diagnosis:

Diagnosis is made on the basis of the appearance or culture of the lesion. Examination may also show enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck or groin.
Viral culture, viral DNA test, or Tzanck test of the skin lesion may reveal the herpes simplex virus.

Treatment/Management:

Untreated, the symptoms will generally go away in 1 to 2 weeks. Treatment with an indifferent cream (zinc oxide or zinc sulfate), an anesthetic cream, or an antiviral cream (such as Acyclovir, Famciclovir, Valacyclovir) has a favorable effect on the duration of symptoms, if applied promptly. This is also the case with oral antiviral medication. If antiviral medicine (cream or oral) is started before exposure to the triggering factor (sunlight), it will provide some protection. Research on sunscreens has shown mixed results: some protection has been reported under experimental conditions that could not be replicated under natural conditions. In the long term, the number of relapses of herpes labialis can be limited with oral antiviral medication.

Prevention

Avoid direct contact with cold sores or other herpes lesions. Minimize the risk of indirect spread by thoroughly washing items in hot (preferably boiling) water before re-use. Do not share items with an infected person, especially when herpes lesions are active. Avoid precipitating causes (especially sun exposure) if prone to oral herpes.
Avoid performing oral sex when you have active herpes lesions on or near your mouth and avoid passive oral sex with someone who has active oral or genital herpes lesions. Condoms can help reduce, but do not entirely eliminate, the risk of transmission via oral or genital sex with an infected person.
Unfortunately, both oral and genital herpes viruses can sometimes be transmitted even when the person does not have active lesions.

4 thoughts on “Herpes Simplex Virus 1 infection : Herpes Labialis”

  1. GET RID OF HERPES BY A HERBALIST DOCTOR CALL DR OLUBAOLUBAES
    ,
    i want to give almighty praise to DR OLUBAOLUBA who help me cure Herpes simplex virus, please help me to give thanks to him he is a great man who God send from heaven to save people’s life, when i contacted this deadly virus i thought that was the end of the world, latter did i know that there is a man called DR OLUBAOLUBA OF AFRICA who has made a breakthrough in the cure of HSV-1 and HSV-2 cure with herbs which i confided in a friend here in SOUTH AFRICA he told me about this man called DR OLUBAOLUBA and how he cured the mum and dad of HSV-1 and HSV-2 after two years of living with this deadly diseases he told me of the cost and procedure i felt it worth a try after i have been spending so much in the drugs to make me live like every normal human being so i contacted DR OLUBAOLUBA and did as he commanded without missing wo rds he did all he needed to do and sent me the herbs here in south Africa through DHL i took it as he directed it was exactly 14 days as DR OLUBAOLUBA has spoken when he emailed me and told me to go for a check up again and i went, to my greatest surprise i tested negative i felt it was a dream so i went to three different hospital and it was still negative then i cried out in a loud voice and peopleG gathered in the hospital and i told them my story in tears how this man called DR OLUBAOLUBA have saved my life and they started demanding for his mail to contact him it was only last week my friend Vanessa who was HSV positive came back from visiting DR OLUBAOLUBA as a healthy woman i told her about DR OLUBAOLUBA you can reach him through his emai address olubahivherbalcure@gmail.com or +2348131258106 he never fails hold on my friend don't cry no more when our helper is here i believe in him am sure you will be lucky as i am too just email him on olubahivherbalcure@gmail.com he is a savior of life…..

  2. Am Tanya Albert, Herpes wanted to destroy me, but with the help of Dr.Ekpiku i escaped the death that was on my way, i am here to testifies on how Dr Ekpiku help me to cure my sickness called Herpes which has been eating me up for 2 years and 4 months, i also saw online how he has cured so many people, Dr Ekpiku is a great herbalist that treats and cure all manner of diseases like Herpes, HIV, Cancer, Syphilis, Hepatitis B, all types of Cancer, Gonorrhea, and solves life's problems that you might have etc.. contact him today and he will help you solved your problem, contact him via ekpikuspelhomeofgrace@gmail.com or ekpikuspelhomeofgrace@hotmail.com call +2348073673757 OR whatsapp him.

  3. This is real take it serious, who will believe that a herb can cure herpes, i navel believe that this will work i have spend a lot when getting drugs from the hospital to keep me healthy, what i was waiting for is death because i was broke, one day i hard about this great man who is well know of HIV and cancer cure, i decided to email him, unknowingly to me that this will be the end of the herpes in my body, he prepare the herb for me, and give me instruction on how to take it, at the end of the one month, he told me to go to the hospital for a check up, and i went, surprisingly after the test the doctor confirm me negative, i thought it was a joke, i went to other hospital was also negative, then i took my friend who was also herpes positive to the Dr Agumagu, after the treatment she was also confirm negative . He also have the herb to cure cancer. please i want every one with this virus to be free, that is why am dropping his email address, agumaguspelltemple@gmail.com do email him he is a great man. the government is also interested in this DR, thank you for saving my life, and I promise I will always testify for your good work.

  4. Greetings to the general public, i want to let every one know on how i was cured of HERPES Simplex Virus by a Doctor called Dr. Josh. I visited different hospital but they gave me list of drugs like Famvir, Zovirax, and Valtrex which is very expensive to treat the symptoms and never cured me. I was browsing through the Internet searching for remedy on HERPES and i saw comment of people talking about how Doctor Josh cured them. when i contacted him he gave me hope and send a Herbal medicine to me that i took and it seriously worked for me, i am a free person now without problem, my HERPES result came out negative. I pray for you Dr. Josh God will give you a long life so that you will keep helping people, you shall not die before your time for being a sincere and great men. Am so happy, you can also contact him if you have any problem Email drjoshhealingtemple@gmail.com

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