Intramuscular injection of Sterile Water

Emergency Physicians often practice intramuscular injections of sterile water for injection (SWFI) as a placebo effect to questionable psychosomatic or factitious pain disorders, however it is not advisable. Hypotonic solutions such as Sterile water or 5% Dextrose cause substantial swelling of the subcutaneous tissue & block the microcirculation. There is an ongoing practice of intradermal…

Ultrasonography – Principle & Simple Interpretations

In ultrasonography, a signal generator is combined with a transducer. Piezoelectric crystals in the signal generator convert electricity into high-frequency sound waves, which are sent into tissues. The tissues scatter, reflect, and absorb the sound waves to various degrees. The sound waves that are reflected back (echoes) are converted into electric signals. A computer analyzes…

Nepali names of diseases (Nepali word for Diseases)

छारे रोग (Chaare rog) – Epilepsy क्षय रोग (Kchyaya rog) – Tuberculosis कुस्ठ रोग (Kustha rog)  – Leprosy पानी फोका (Pani foka) – Pompholyx दादुरा (Dadura)- Measles ठेउला (Theula) – Chickenpox जनै खटिरा (Janai Khatira) – Herpes Zoster हृदयघात (Hridayaghaat) – Heart attack (Myocardial infarction)  मस्तिस्कघात (Mastiskaghaat) – Stroke (Cerebrovascular accident) मधुमेह (Madumeha)  – Diabetes…

ATOPIC DERMATITIS IN PEDIATRICS

Skin infections and allergies are common presentation in paediatrics age group in Nepal. Among many dermatological problems, bacterial skin infections, seborrheic and atopic dermatitis are common presentations. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronically relapsing skin disorder with an immunologic basis. The clinical presentation varies from mild to severe. In the worst cases, atopic dermatitis may…